Dataset: Woburn Continuous Wheat Experiment yields 1943-1966

Example yields derived from the data. Fallow (no crop grown) in missing years

Example yields derived from the data. Fallow (no crop grown) in missing years


Annual grain and straw yields for all plots and sub-plots on the Woburn Continuous Wheat Experiment, 1943-1966, with details of N fertilizer applied, and other agronomic information, including sowing date, plot size and cultivars. Winter wheat was grown every year until 1961 (apart from fallow years), then oats (1962) and spring beans (1964). The whole experiment was fallowed (no crop sown) to control weeds in 1947, 1948, 1955-57, 1963, 1965 and 1966. The experiment is a companion to the Woburn Continuous Barley Experiment.


The Woburn Continuous Wheat Experiment started in autumn 1876 with a range of fertilizer and manure treatments applied until 1926. No fertilizer was applied 1927-1940. From 1943-1954 the plots were divided into sets of three and three N rates were applied to each set, in cyclic order. Plots 2, 5 and 8 were fallowed and not included in the fertilizer N treatments, as they were so acidic (due to the fertilizer treatments in 1877-1926). Lime was applied in 1955 to all plots to bring soil to about pH 6.0. Further lime was applied to selected areas 1956-1959. In autumn 1962 the whole area was limed to bring pH to about 7. In 1959-1961 the plots were divided to compare barley and wheat. Microplot experiments were made on some plots in 1960-64; this data is not included. Basal fertilizer N was applied to all plots in 1959-1961 (barley and wheat) and in 1962 (oats).

Technical Information

Grain and straw yield at 85% dry matter. Straw yield does not include the stubble or all of the chaff. Fallow (no crop) yields shown as a blank cell. The plots were divided into sets of three according to their fertilizer treatment in 1877-1926 for the N fertilizer treatments, 1943-1955:

  • No P or K Plots 1, 3, 7
  • PK Plots 4, 6, 9
  • FYM Plot 11b (divided into three sections, 1, 2 and 3)
  • Various treatments Plots 10a, 10b and 11a
  • Plots 2, 5 and 8 were not included in this scheme and no yields were taken until 1959.

Related Documents

Related Datasets


  • Daniel Philcox: Researcher
  • June Kimori: Related person
  • Margaret Glendining: Data curator
  • Nathalie Castells-Brooke: Data manager
  • Simon Willcock: Researcher
  • Richard Ostler: Project leader
  • Andy Gregory: Project manager

Dataset Access and Conditions

Rights Holder

Rothamsted Research


Creative Commons License This dataset is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence (4.0).

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YOU MUST CITE AS: Daniel Philcox, June Kimori, Margaret Glendining (2022). Dataset: Woburn Continuous Wheat Experiment yields 1943-1966 Electronic Rothamsted Archive, Rothamsted Research

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Individual plot yields were taken from Rothamsted Experimental Station Yield Books, 1943-1966. Agronomic information (sowing dates, cultivar, etc) taken from Annual Reports, Yield Books, plans and descriptions in the Rothamsted Library archives. The frictionless dataset of combined yields and treatment data was compiled by Daniel Philcox and checked by June Kimori and Margaret Glendining, July 2022.

In accordance with the Joint Code of Practice for Research at Rothamsted, data processing in e-RA follow rigorous standard operating procedures to ensure the quality and correctness of data collected in the field through to depositing in the e-RA database. To ensure quality control during data inputting, the data sets were typed on two separate occasions (double data entry). During the second typing (verification) the data values were compared with those typed on the earlier occasion, and any discrepancies were resolved before verification continued. This procedure avoided visual checking of data, which can be very inaccurate.

For further information and assistance, please contact the e-RA curators, Sarah Perryman and Margaret Glendining using the e-RA email address: