Rothamsted Meteorological Station

  • Experiment Code: RMS
  • Experiment Site: Rothamsted
  • Description: Sir John Lawes, the founder of Rothamsted, realized that to understand crop growth, it was important to have records of the weather. Weather records also help us to understand the spread of crop diseases and insect behaviour. Rainfall and wind direction have been measured at Rothamsted every day since 1853, temperature since 1878 and sunshine since 1890, making this one of the longest sets of meteorological (weather) data available in the UK.
  • Date Start: 1843
  • Establisment Period End: 1951
  • Date End: Ongoing

Key Contacts

  • Andy Macdonald

  • Role: Principal Investigator
  • Organisation: Rothamsted Research
  • Address: West Common, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
  • Sarah Perryman

  • Role: Data Manager
  • Organisation: Rothamsted Research
  • Address: West Common, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom
  • Margaret Glendining

  • Role: Data Manager
  • ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6466-4629
  • Organisation: Rothamsted Research
  • Address: West Common, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, United Kingdom

Funding

Experimental Design

Site: Rothamsted Met station - Rothamsted

  • Experiment Site: Rothamsted
  • Description: Description of the Met Station
  • Management: More desctiption of met station / related to managment
  • Visit Permitted?: Yes
  • Visiting Arrangments: Contact Andy Macdonald
  • Elevation: 130 Metres
  • Geolocation:    51.806876, -0.360137

Datasets available

Title (hover for a longer description) Year of Publication Type DOI or Link Version

Weather data - 30 year means

Rothamsted 30-year mean meteorological data 1961-1990 2019 OA 10.23637/OARES30YrMeans6190 01
Rothamsted 30-year mean meteorological data 1971-2000 2019 OA 10.23637/OARES30YrMeans7100 01
Rothamsted 30-year mean meteorological data 1981-2010 2019 OA 10.23637/OARES30YrMeans8180 01
Rothamsted 30-year mean meteorological data 1991-2020 2021 OA 10.23637/OARES30YrMeans9120 01

Weather data - Rainfall

Mean Monthly Rainfall at Rothamsted March 1853 - July 2018 2018 Other 10.23637/RMMRAIN5318 01
Mean monthly rainfall at Rothamsted October 1985-September 2017 2020 OA 10.23637/rmsMMRain10850917 01

Weather data - Temperature

Annual Mean Air Temperature Anomaly at Rothamsted 1878-2019 2020 OA 10.23637/rms-RMAAtempanomaly-1 01
Annual Mean Air Temperature at Rothamsted 1878-2019 2020 Other 10.23637/rms-RMAAtemp-02 02
Mean monthly temperature at Rothamsted October 1985-September 2017 2020 OA 10.23637/rmsmmtemp10850917 01
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Images

Key References

2021

  • Addy, J. W. G. , Ellis, R. H. , Macdonald, A. J. , Semenov, M. A. and Mead, A.(2021) "The impact of weather and increased atmospheric CO2 from 1892 to 2016 on simulated yields of UK wheat", J. R. Soc. Interface, 18, 20210250
    DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2021.0250

2020

  • Addy, J. W. G. , Ellis, R. H. , Macdonald, A. J. , Semenov, M. A. and Mead, A.(2020) "Investigating the effects of inter-annual weather variation (1968-2016) on the functional response of cereal grain yield to applied nitrogen, using data from the Rothamsted Long-Term Experiments", Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 284, 107898
    DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2019.107898

2018

  • Macdonald, A. , Poulton, P. , Clark, I. , Scott, T. , Glendining, M. , Perryman, S. , Storkey, J. , Bell, J. , Shield, I. , Mcmillan, V. and Hawkins, J.(2018) "Guide to the Classical and Other Long-term experiments, Datasets and Sample Archive. Rothamsted Research"
    DOI: 10.23637/ROTHAMSTED-LONG-TERM-EXPERIMENTS-GUIDE-2018

2015

1974

For further information and assistance, please contact the e-RA curators, Sarah Perryman and Margaret Glendining using the e-RA email address: era@rothamsted.ac.uk