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1987 and 1988 Soil Sampling


Surface soil samples (0-23cm) from individual plots within sections 1, 4, 7 and 9 in 1987 and sections 0, 2, 3 and 5 in 1988. Twenty cores taken from each plot. To avoid areas where soil may have been mixed by cultivation a 1m strip down each side of the plot was not sampled.

Samples were air-dried, sieved < 2mm and a sub-sample ground < 0.5 mm. Determination of pH, NaHCO3-soluble P, exchangeable cations were carried out on < 2mm sample; organic C and total N on < 0.5 mm sub-sample.

The following methods were used for the analysis of the 1987 and 1988 samples.

Soil Reaction 2.5:1 water-soil suspension. pH by glass electrode.
Organic Carbon Dichromate digestion; modified Tinsley. Kalembasa, S.J. & Jenkinson, D.S. (1973) J.Sci.Food Agric. 24,1085-1090
Total Nitrogen Kjeldahl Method. Bremner.J.M (1965) In: Methods of Soil Analysis (C.A.Black, Ed.) Vol2 pp1149-1178. American Society of Agronomy.
Exchangeable Cations K, Ca, Mg and Na Metson, A.J.(1956) New Zealand Soil Bureau, Bulletin No12.
NaHCO3 Soluble Phosphorus Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S. & Dean L.A (1954) USDA Circular No 939, 19pp.

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